体育运动词汇

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傻傻 傻傻 athos

体育运动词汇

鞍马 pommel horse
拔河 tug-of-war
靶场 shooting range
棒/垒球场 baseball(soft ball)field/ground
棒球 baseball
爆冷门 to produce an unexpected winner
比分领先 to outscore
比赛场馆 competition gymnasiums and stadiums
比赛地点 competition/sports venue(s)
比赛观众 spectator
标枪 javelin throw
冰场 skating rink; ice rink
冰球 puck; rubber
冰球场 rink
冰球运动 ice hockey
冰上运动 ice sports
裁判长 chief referee
裁判员 referee, umpire
残疾人 the handicapped/disabled
操场 playground; sports ground; drill ground
侧泳 sidestroke
称号,绰号 label
撑杆跳高 pole jump; polevault
承担义务 to undertake obligation
冲浪 surfing
出名 make one's mark
打成平局 to draw/to tie/to play even/to level the score
打出水平,打出风格 up to one's best level in skill and style of play
单杠 horizontal bar
单项 individual event
登山运动 mountaineering; mountain-climbing
第三名 third; bronze medallist
垫上运动 mat exercises
吊环 rings
蝶泳 butterfly (stroke)
定点跳伞 accuracy jump; precision landing
东道国 host country/nation
锻炼身体,保卫祖国 Build up a good physique to defend the country
队伍 contingent
发展体育运动,增强人民体质 Promote physical culture and build up the people's health
帆船运动 yachting; sailing
辅导站 coaching center
复兴 revitalize
高低杠 uneven bars; high-low bars
高山滑雪 alpine skiing
观众 spectator
冠军 champion; gold medallist
广播操 setting-up exercises to music
国际奥林匹克委员会 International Olympic Committee
国际比赛 international tournament
国际象棋 (international) chess
国家队 national team
海豚式 dolphin stroke/kick
航海模型 marine modeling; model ship
航空模型 aeromodel; model aeroplane
黑马 dark horse
花样滑冰 figure skating
滑水 water-skiing
滑艇/皮艇 canoeing
滑翔运动 gliding; sail planing
滑雪 skiing
击剑 fencing
技巧 sports acrobatics
技巧运动 acrobatic gymnastics
毽秋 jianqiu; shuttlecock playing
毽子 shuttlecock
教练员 coach
接力 relay race; relay
锦标赛 championship
竞技性运动competitive sport
竞技状态好 in good form
竞赛 track events
竞赛信息中心 competition information center
竞走 walking; walking race
举重 weightlifting
可喜的,令人满意的 gratifying
客队 visiting team
课/工间操 physical exercises during breaks
跨栏比赛 hurdles; hurdle race
啦啦队 cheering-section
啦啦队长 cheer-leader
篮球 basketball
篮球场 basketball court
垒球 softball
冷门 an unexpected winner; dark horse
历史悠久的 time-honored
练习场馆 training gymnasiums
链球 hammer throw
落后 lag behind
马拉松赛跑 Marathon (race)
摩托运动 motorcycling
男子项目 men's event
年少者 junior
女子项目 women's event
排球 volleyball
培训 groom
乒乓球 table tennis; ping pong
乒乓球拍 racket; bat
平衡木 balance beam
平均寿命 life expectancy
蹼泳 fin swimming
骑术 horsemanship
气功 qigong; breathing exercises
铅球 shot put
轻量级 lightweight
秋千 swing
球类运动 ball games
球拍 racket
曲棍球 hockey; field hockey
取得进展 make headway
全国运动会 National Games
全能冠军 all-round champion
全体;普通;一般 at large
拳击 boxing
拳术 quanshu; barehanded exercise; Chinese boxing
人工冰场 artificial ice stadium
赛车场(自行车等的)倾斜赛车场 cycling track
赛龙船 dragon-boat racing
赛马场 equestrian park
赛艇运动 rowing
三级跳远 hop, step and jump; triple jump
少年业余体育学校 youth spare-time sports school, youth amateur athletic school
射击 shooting
射箭 archery
胜不骄,败不馁 Do not become cocky/be dizzy with success, nor downcast over/discouraged by defeat.
失常 to lose one's usual form
失利 to lose
石弓,弩 crossbow
使有系统;整理 systemize
世界大学生运动会 World University Games; Universiad
世界纪录保持者 world-record holder
室内运动 indoor sports
室内自行车赛场 indoor velodrome
手球 handball
手球场 handball field
摔跤 wrestling
双杠 parallel bars
水球(运动)water polo
水球场 playing pool
水上运动 water/ aquatic sports
水上运动中心 aquatic sports center
速度滑冰 speed skating
速度滑雪 cross country ski racing
特级大师 grandmaster
踢毽子 shuttlecock kicking
体操 gymnastics
体格、体质 physique
体育 PE (Physical Education)
体育场 stadium; sports field/ground
体育大国/强国 sporting/sports power
体育道德 sportsmanship
体育锻炼 physical training
体育锻炼标准 standard for physical training
体育工作者 physical culture workers, sports organizer
体育馆 gymnasium, gym; indoor stadium
体育活动 sports/sporting activities
体育界 sports circle(s)
体育疗法 physical exercise therapy; sports therapy
体育项目(尤指重要比赛) event
体育运动 physical culture and sports
体育中心 sports center/complex
田径运动 track and field; athletics
田赛 field events
跳板 spring-board
跳板跳水 springboard diving
跳高 high jump
跳马 vaulting horse
跳伞 parachuting
跳水 diving
跳台跳水 platform diving
跳远 long/broad jump
铁饼 discus throw
团体项目 team event
蛙泳 breaststroke
网球 tennis
为祖国争光 to win honors for the motherland
围棋 weiqi; go
无线电定向 radio direction finding
五禽戏 five-animal exercises
武术 martial arts
象棋 xiangqi; Chinese chess
学龄前儿童 preschool
亚军 running-up; second; silver medallist
邀请赛 invitational/invitational tournament
涌现出来 to come to the fore
用粉笔记下(分数等);达到,得到 chalk up
优秀选手 top-ranking/topnotch athlete
游泳 swimming
游泳池 swimming pool
游泳馆 natatorium
又红又专/思想好,业务精 to be both socialist-minded and vocationally proficient
余的,带零头的 odd
与...有关系,加入 be affiliated to/with
羽毛球 shuttlecock; shuttle
羽毛球运动 badminton
源源不断 a steady flow of
运动爱好者 sports fan/enthusiast
运动会 sports meet; athletic meeting; games
运动员 athlete; sportsman
造型跳伞 relative work
增强体质 to strengthen one's physique
中华全国体育总会 All-China Sports Federation
中华人民共和国运动委员会(国家体委) Physical Culture and Sports Commission of the PRC (State Physical Culture and Sports Commission)
中量级 middleweight
种子队 seeded team
种子选手 seeded player; seed
重量级 heavyweight
主队 home team
自行车运动 cycling; cycle racing
自由体操 floor/free exercises
自由泳 freestyle; crawl (stroke)
足球 football; soccer
足球场 field; pitch

足球词汇:
世界杯英式足球锦标赛 The World Cup Soccer Championship
国际足联 FIFA: the Federation International de Football Assn
取得决赛资格的最后十六支球队 the draw of 16 teams
半决赛球队 semi-finals
足球 football, soccer, Association football
足球场field, pitch
中场midfield
中圈kick-off circle
中线half-way line
足球队football, eleven
足球运动员football player
比赛时的队员阵容 lineup
守门员goalkeeper, goaltender, goalie
除守门员外的其余十位球员 outfielder
后卫back
左后卫left back
右后卫right back
中卫center half back
前卫half back
左前卫left half back
右前卫right half back
前锋forward
中锋center forward, center
左内锋inside left forward, inside left
右内锋inside right forward, inside right
左边锋outside left forward, outside left
右边锋outside right forward, outside right
右翼Right wing
左翼Left wing开球kick-off
倒钩球bicycle kick, overhead kick
平胸球chest-high ball
角球corner ball, corner
球门球goal kick
地面球ground ball, grounder
手触球hand ball
头球header
点球penalty kick
罚点spot kick球
罚任意球free kick
掷界外球throw-in
控制球ball handling
正面抢截block tackle
身体阻挡body check
球门前混战bullt
合理冲撞fair charge
胸部挡球chesting
钉人防守close-marking defence
短传close pass, short pass
连续传球consecutive passes
假动作deceptive movement
鱼跃顶球diving header
跳起顶球flying headar
盘球dribbling
(守门员)托救球finger-tip save
(守门员)跳球抓好clean catching
边线传球flank pass
高吊传球high lobbing pass
交叉传球scissor pass
凌空传球volley pass
三角传球triangular pass
滚地传球rolling pass, ground pass
铲球slide tackle
解除危险的球clearance kick
射门to shoot
贴地射门grazing shot
近射close-range shot
远射long drive
未射中mishit
越位offside
传球to pass the ball
接球to take a pass
球传到位spot pass
脚底停球to trap
截球to intercept
带球过人to break through, to beat
摆脱to break loose
控制中场to control the midfield
破坏防守to disorganize the defence
退回to fall back
筑人墙to set a wall
掌握进攻节奏to set the pace
击退一次攻势to ward off an assault
破坏一次攻势to break up an attack
控救技术ball playing skill
全攻全守足球战术total football
拉开的足球战术open football
越位战术off-side trap
边锋战术wing play
积极的抢射战术shoot-on-sight tactics
拖延战术time wasting tactics
巴西阵式,4-2-4 阵式Brazilian formation
四后卫制four backs system
4-3-3 阵式four-three-three formation
4-2-4 阵式 four-two-four formation  
红牌(表示判罚出场)red card
黄牌(表示警告)yellow card
球胆bladder
足球赛场地Football field
有看台球场Stadium
场外跑道Track
球门柱Goal post
球门横梁Cross bar
球门网Goal net
球门门口Goal mouth
进球线Goal line
边线Touch line
中线Halfway line
中点Center spot
罚球区Penalty area
罚球点Penalty spot
角球区Corner kick area
角旗Corner flag.
足球健将Football champion
裁判员Referee
边线裁判员,巡边员,司线员 assistant referee, linesman
阻人犯规Obstruction blocking
手球犯规Hand ball
失水准Off-form
绊脚Hacking
有意绊脚Intentional tripping
无意绊脚Unintentional tripping
踢罚球Penalty kick
罚界外球Throw-in
放弃罚球Declined penalty
危险动作Dangerous play
粗暴行为Rough
警告Caution warning
被裁判记名Taken name by referee
擅自离场Leave the court
驱逐离场Marching order expeled
上半场First half
半场Half time
休息Interval
暂停Out of play time out
下半场Second half
加时比赛Extra game
接近完场Closing minutes
时间到Time up
终场Full-time
射入一球Scored a goal
首开记录On the scoreboard
一面倒Lopsided win oneside game
攻势Attack
守势Defense
对抗Versus
实力相等Deadlock
巅峰状态Fitness form
一比零One to naught
得分相等Tie score
平Draw
零分Shut out skunk
险胜Narrow victory
胜Win
败Lose
和局Tie game
突破 thrust
劲射 thump
跟进 trail
短距离快速传球 flip
令人猝不及防的速射 snap shot
盯人 mark an opponent
三角传球 triangular passing
倒钩球 overhead volley
头球 header
掷界外球 throw-in
拿球 vie for the ball
踢凌空球 volley kick
漏球 lose
长/短传 long/short pass
回传 passback
守门员救球 save
粗野的比赛 rough play
犯规的踢球动作 a foul kick
抱人犯规 holding
打人犯规 striking
绊人犯规 tripping
故意踢人 intentional kicking
铲球 tackle
补罚下场 ejection
越位 offside
金球 gold goal 也叫 sudden death 突然死亡法则(踢球双方在加时赛以先进球方为胜方)
乌龙球(队员不慎将球踢进自家大门)own goal
足球流氓 soccer hooligans
足球迷 soccer fans
啦啦队 roosters, cheering squad

NBA 篮球术语:
NBA 各种投篮方式
(slam) dunk:(强力)灌篮
bank shot:擦板球
double pump:拉杆式投篮(verb)
fade-away shot:后仰式跳投
hook shot:钩射投篮
jump shot:跳投
layup:带球上篮
perimeter shot:中距离投篮
set shot:立定投篮
three-point shot:三分球

NBA 各种统计术语
assist:助功
block shot:阻攻,盖火锅儿
defensive rebound:防守篮板球
field goal percentage:投球命中率
field goal:投球命中
free throw percentage:罚球命中率
free throw:罚球offensive rebound:进攻篮板球
rebound:篮板球
scoring:得分
steal:抄截
three-point shot percentage:三分球命中率
turnover:失误

场地装备篇
backboard:篮板
back court:后场
freethrow lane:罚球圈,禁区
freethrow line:罚球线
front court:前场
game clock:比赛用时钟
halftime:中场休息时间
hoop:篮框,篮圈
mid-court:中场
net:篮网
painted area:罚球圈,禁区
restricted area near the basket:禁区内篮框下的小圆圈区域
rim:篮框,篮圈
scoring table:记录台,记分台
shot clock:时限钟(进攻方在24秒内必须投篮,并且球必须触及篮框,否则即违例)
three-point line:三分(球)线
top of the circle:靠近禁区顶端之三分(球)线附近
wing:(左、右两边)底线区域

规则篇
blocking foul:阻挡犯规
buzzer:(比赛用的)蜂鸣器(表示时间终了,换人…等)
charging foul:(带球)撞人(犯规)
dead ball:死球(停止比赛进行时段)
defensive basket interference:防守方干扰投篮得分
delay of game:阻碍比赛之正常进行
disqualification:犯满离场,“毕业”
double dribble:两次运球(违例)
ejection:驱逐出场
elbowing:打拐子
expiration (of game, first half…):(全场比赛,上半场…的比赛)时间终了
first half:上半场
first (second, third, fourth) period:比赛的第一(第二,第三,第四)节
five ticks left on the (game clock, shot clock…):(全场比赛,时限钟上…的)时间只剩下5秒钟
flagrant foul:恶性犯规
foul:犯规
foul out:犯满离场,“毕业”
foul trouble:快要犯满离场,“领到一张准毕业证书”
full timeout:全时(100秒的)暂停
goaltending:干扰投篮得分
hand-checking:以手掌推挡对方进攻球员之犯规动作
held ball:持球(双方均持球不放)
illegal defense:防守违例
illegal offense:进攻违例(见isolation)
isolation:四位进攻球员在一边,而由第五位球员单吃对方防守球员
jump ball:争球,跳球
loose ball foul:双方均无持球权时的犯规(通常发生于双方争夺篮板球时)
offensive basket interference:进攻方干扰投篮得分
out of bound:球出界线(千万不要说outside)
overtime:加时赛,延长赛
referee:裁判
second half:下半场
shot clock violation:违反24秒内必须投篮(并且球必须触及篮框)时限之规定
substitute:换人(上场、下场)
suspension:停止出赛(之处罚)
technical foul:技术犯规
ten-second violation:进攻方10秒钟内未带球过中场之违例
three-second violation:(篮下)3秒钟之违例
throw a punch:出拳打架
throw in:发球入场
traveling:(带球)走步
twenty-second timeout:只有20秒钟之暂停
walking:(带球)走步

战术篇
backdoor cut:从两边底线往篮下的战术
block out:把对方球员挡住,使其不易强到篮球赛,卡位
cut:切入
double team:用两位防守球员包夹进攻球员
dribble out the time:进攻方以运球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间
eat up the clock:进攻方以运球或传球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间
fast break:快攻
foul strategy:犯规战术
give and go:(进攻方持球球员的)传切战术
jockey for position:(篮下)卡位
milk the time away:进攻方以运球或传球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间
one-one-one defense:人盯人防守
pick and roll:(进攻方做掩护之球员的)挡切战术
post-up play:(进攻方持球球员背对篮框)单吃对方防守球员之战术
triple team:用三位防守球员包夹进攻球员
zone defense:区域防守,区域联防

动作篇
(throw a) baseball pass:(快攻时)长传
(shoot) an air ball:(投)篮外空心球,“面包“
behind-the-back dribble:背后(换手)运球
carrying the ball:“翻球”
cross-leg dribble:胯下运球
dribble:运球
driving to the hoop:带球上篮
four-point play:投进3分球后因被犯规再罚进一分
hacking:打手犯规
holding:拉手犯规
make the basket:投篮得分
make the hoop:投篮得分
monster dunk:狂猛灌篮
nothing but the net:空心球(入篮)
palming:“翻球”
reverse dunk:倒灌篮
reverse lay-up:反手走篮
shoot behind the arc:投三分球
score a basket:投篮得分
swish:空心球(入篮)
tap in:托球入篮
three-point play:投进2分球后因被犯规再罚进一分

球队球员篇
assistant coach:助理教练
backcourt:后卫组(包括控球后卫及得分后卫)
backup:后备(替换,支持)球员
bench:(指全体)后备(替换,支持)球员
bench player:(指个人)后备(替换,支持)球员
center中锋(又称5号位置球员)
coach:教练
frontline:锋线(包括大前锋,小前锋,中锋)
GM(general manager):球队经理
Mascot:球队吉祥物
MVP:最有价值球员
one-guard:控球后卫
point guard:控球后卫
power forward:大前锋(又称4号位置球员)
rookie:第二年球员,菜鸟(球员)
shooting guard:得分后卫
sixth man:第六人
small forward:小前锋(又称3号位置球员)
sophomore:第二年球员
starter:(指个人)先发球员
starting lineup:(指全体)先发球员
swingman:摇摆人(指兼能担任得分后卫及小前锋的球员)
trainer:球队训练员
two-guard:得分后卫
veteran:资深球员,老鸟(球员)

比赛篇
away game:客场比赛
final:总决赛
first round:首轮比赛
GB (games behind):落后战绩最领先球队的胜场场数
guest team:客队
home court:主场
home court advantage:主场优势
home game:主场比赛
home team:主队
losing streak:连败场数,连败纪录
post season:季后赛
regular season:季赛
road game:客场比赛
schedule:赛程
semi-final:准决赛
standings:战绩(表)
winning streak:连胜场数,连胜纪录

NBA 球队一览表
Western Conference西区
Pacific Division 大西洋组
Golden State Warriors 金州勇士队
LA Clippers 洛杉矶快艇队
LA Lakers 洛杉矶湖人队
Phoenix Suns凤凰城太阳队
Portland Trailblazers (简称Blazers) 波特兰拓荒者队
Sacramento Kings 沙加缅度国王队
Seattle Supersonics (简称Sonics) 西雅图超音速队
Midwest Division 中西部区
Dallas Mavericks 达拉斯小牛队
Denver Nuggets 丹佛金砖队
Houston Rockets 休斯敦火箭队
Minnesota Timberwolves 明尼苏达木狼队
San Antonio Spurs 圣安东尼
Utah Jazz犹他爵士队
Vancouver Grizzlies 温哥华灰熊队
Eastern Conference 东区
Atlantic Division 大西洋组
Miami Heat 迈阿密热浪队
New York Knickerbockers (简称Knicks) 纽约尼克队
Philadelphia 76ers 费城七十六人队
Orlando Magic奥兰多魔术队
Boston Celtics 波士顿塞尔蒂克队
New Jersey Nets 新泽西篮网队
Washington Wizards 华盛顿魔法师队
Central Division 中央组
Atlanta Hawks 亚特兰大老鹰队
Charlotte Hornets 夏洛特黄蜂队
Chicago Bulls 芝加哥公牛队
Cleveland Cavaliers克里夫兰骑士队
Detroit Pistons底特律活塞队
Indiana Pacers 印地安纳溜马队
Milwaukee Bucks 密尔瓦基雄鹿队
Toronto Raptors 多伦多暴龙队

体育新闻词汇
all-star team: 全明星队
amateur n. 业余运动员
benchwarmer n. 替补队员
boat race: 赛艇比赛
bowling n. 保龄球
boxing n. 拳击
centre n. (篮球)中锋
championship n. 冠军赛,锦标赛
cheer v. 加油,助威
coach n. 教练
cross-country race: 越野赛
dead heat: 不分胜负,平手
diving competition: 跳水
doping test: 药检
draw n. 平局,不分胜负
dummy play: 假动作
dunk v. 扣篮
eliminate v. 淘汰
fancy pass: (足球)妙传
figure skating: 花样滑冰
final n. 决赛
Formula One: 一级方程式赛车
free kick: (足球)罚任意球
full-court press: (篮球)全场紧逼 ?
goalkeeper n. 守门员
golf n. 高尔夫球
gymnastics n. 体操
hat trick: 帽子戏法,指比赛中一人攻入三球
high jump: 跳高
home match: 主场比赛
host v. 主办
IOC: (International Olympic Commitee)国际奥委会
judo n. 柔道
kick off: 开赛
long jump: 跳远
man-to?man defence: (篮球)人盯人防守
marathon n. 马拉松
middle-distance race: 中长跑
offside n. (足球)越位
Olympic Games: 奥林匹克运动会
on your mark: (跑步比赛中)各就各位
penalty kick: (足球)罚点球
professional n. 职业运动员
professional foul: 蓄意犯规
rally n. 汽车拉力赛
ranking n. 排名次
rebound n. 篮板球
record holder: 记录保持者
red card: 红牌(表示判罚出场)
referee n. 裁判
relay race: 接力赛
roller skating: 滑旱冰
runner-up: 亚军
sailing n. 帆船运动
semi-final n. 半决赛
shoot n. 射门
spectator n. 观众
speedwalking n. 竞走
sprinter n. 短跑选手
stadium n. 体育馆
starting line: 起跑线
striker n. (足球)前锋
substitute n. 替补队员
tournament n. 联赛,比赛
track and field events: 田径比赛项目
visiting team: 客队
yellow card: 黄牌(表示警告)

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